Botanical Liaisons Executive Director, Trish Flaster, implemented one of the first herbaria in the herb industry in 1985. It was the importance of knowing what starting materials you had as part of your quality program in manufacturing that drove her insistence to have herbaria as part of good quality practices. Today, Botanical Liaisons is one of the few companies that provides botanical reference materials to manufacturers, regulatory agencies and academics.

What are botanical reference materials?
Botanical reference materials include a voucher specimen, a representative sample of the plant, often with an inflorescence, flower, pressed and preserved on archival paper. The label on the specimen informs the viewer of the date and location of the harvest of the voucher and can be tracked back to the collector. Accompanying the voucher is one pound of the economically valuable plant part of interest to the requestor.

When is this useful?
A voucher specimen can be used in a court of law to verify the starting material in the case of adverse reactions or other legal consumer questions. It is used as a reference in primary research, as part of standard operating procedures, as a marketing tool, and to educate staff, consumers, and customers.

How to obtain reference materials?
Because the shelf-life of many of the bioactives in plants are not readily known, specimens are collected upon request. They are not keep in storage, sorry, but this is the best we can offer you. Therefore, plants are collected fresh at traditional harvest times and dried throughout the season. They are collected by qualified botanists, specialist in their geographic region or by ethical wild harvesters. Wild harvesters' specimens are verified by botanical specialists.

What do you receive?
The materials are sent to you mounted on archival paper, labeled, and a record is keep in the Botanical Liaisons database. The bulk material is labeled with the voucher number and name of the plant, all within a plastic or cloth bag. If you chose not to receive the voucher, we can arrange for it to be housed in a botanical institution near your facility, or within a larger botanical Institution such as Missouri Botanical Garden.

If you need training for employees we can provide training in botany, taxonomy, as well as herbarium establishment and maintenance.

What plants are available?
At this time we can provide plants from China, India, Africa, Europe, the US, and parts of Central and South America.

Checklist of available plants.*
Common name Scientific name Family
Yarrow Achillea millefolium L. ASTERACEAE
White Cohosh Actaea alba (L.) Mill. RANUNCULACEAE
Horse Chestnut Aesculus hippocastanum L. HIPPOCASTANACEAE
Garlic Allium sativum L. LILIACEAE
Angelica Angelica spp. APIACEAE
Uva Ursi Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (L.) Spreng. ERICACEAE
Arnica Arnica montana L. ASTERACEAE
Oats Avena sativa L. POACEAE
Calendula Calendula officinalis L. ASTERACEAE
Capsicum Capsicum annuum L. SOLANACEAE
Blue Cohosh Caulophyllum thalictroides (L.) Michx. BERBERIDACEAE
Gotu Kola Centella asiatica (L.)Urban APIACEAE
Black Cohosh Actaea racemosa L. Nutt and Actaea spp. RANUNCULACEAE
Hawthorne Crataegus monogyna Jacq. and Crataegus spp. ROSACEAE
Queen Anne's Lace Daucus carota L. APIACEAE
Wild Yam Dioscorea villosa L. and Dioscorea spp. DIOSCOREACEAE
Echinacea Echinacea angustifolia DC. ASTERACEAE
Echinacea Echinacea pallida (Nutt.)Nutt. ASTERACEAE
Echinacea Echinacea purpurea (L.)Moench. ASTERACEAE
Fennel Foeniculum vulgare APIACEAE
Horsetail Equisetum arvense L. PTERIDOPHYTA
Gingko Ginkgo biloba L. GINKOACEAE
Licorice Glycyrrhiza glabra L. FABACEAE
Witch Hazel Hamamelis virginiana L. HAMAMELIDACEAE
Devil's Claw Harpagophytum procumbens PEDALIACEAE
Golden Seal Hydrastis canadensis L. RANUNCULACEAE
St. John's Wort Hypericum perforatum L. CLUSIACEAE
Hyssop Hyssopus officinalis L. LAMIACEAE
Black Walnut Juglans nigra L. JUGLANDACEAE
Osha Ligusticum porteri J.M. Coult. & Rose APIACEAE
Chamomile Matricaria recutita L. ASTERACEAE
Lemon Balm Melissa officinalis L. LAMIACEAE
Ginseng Panax quinquefolium L. ARALIACEAE
Passionflower Passiflora incarnata L. and P. spp PASSIFLORACEAE
White Pine P. strobus L, Pinus spp. PINACEAE
Kava Piper methysticum G. Forst. PIPERACEAE
  Prunus africana (Hook. f.) Kalkman ROSACEAE
Bracken Fern Pteridium aquilinum (L.) Kuhn PTERIDOPHYTA
Willow Salix alba, S. nigra S. spp., SALICACEAE
Scullcap Scutellaria lateriflora L. LAMIACEAE
Saw Palmetto Serenoa repens (Bart.)Small ARECACEAE
Comfrey Symphytum officinale L. BORAGINACEAE
Milk Thistle Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertn. ASTERACEAE
Pau de Arco Tabebuia impetiginosa (Mart. ex DC.) Standl. BIGNONIACEAE
Dandelion Taraxacum officinale L. ASTERACEAE
Germander Teucrium spp. LAMIACEAE
Thyme Thymus vulgaris L. LAMIACEAE
Red Clover Trifolium pratense L. and T. spp FABACEAE
Fenugreek Trigonella foenum-graecum L. FABACEAE
Cat's Claw Uncaria tomentosa RUBIACEAE
Nettle Urtica dioica L. URTICACEAE
Valerian Valeriana officinalis L. and Valeriana spp. VALERIANACEAE
Mullen Verbascum thapsus L. SCROPHULARIACEAE
Cramp Bark Viburnum opulus L. CAPRIFOLIACEAE
Black Haw Viburnum prunifolium L. CAPRIFOLIACEAE
Chaste Tree Vitex agnus-castus L. VERBENACEAE
Tribulus Tribulus terrestris L. ZYGOPHYLLACEAE
Veratrum Veratrum spp. LILIACAE
Ashwaganda Withania somnifera (L.) Dunal SOLANACEAE
Dong Quai Angelica sinensis (Oliv.) Diels APIACEAE
Astragalus Astragalus membranaceus Moench FABACEAE
Honeysuckle Lonicera japonica Thunb. ex Murray CAPRIFOLIACEAE
Goldthread Coptis chinensis Franch. RANUNCULACEAE
Schisandra Schisandra chinensis (Turcz.) Baill. MAGNOLIACEAE
Ginseng Panax ginseng C.A. Mey. ARALIACEAE
Siberian Ginseng Eleutherococcus senticosus (Rupr. & Maxim.) Maxim. ARALIACEAE
Ginkgo Ginkgo biloba L. GINKOACEAE
Reishi Ganoderma lucidum
Notoginseng Panax notoginseng (Burkill) F.H. Chen ex C.H. Chow ARALIACEAE
Codonopsis Codonopsis pilosula (Franch.) Nannf. CAMPANULACEAE
Bitter Orange Citrus aurantium L. RUTACEAE
Licorice Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch. ex DC. FABACEAE
Lycii Lycium barbarum L. SOLANACEAE
Polygonum Polygonum multiflorum Thunb. ex Murray POLYGONACEAE
Poria Cocos Poria cocos POLYPORACEAE
Rehmannia Rehmannia glutinosa (Gaertn.) Libosch. ex Fisch. & C.A. Mey. SCROPHULARIACEAE
Rhubarb Rheum palmatum L. POLYGONACEAE
Salvia Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge LAMIACEAE
Scutellairia Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi LAMIACEAE
Ginger Zingiber officinale Roscoe ZINGIBERACEAE
Jujube Zizyphus mauritiana Lam. RHAMNACEAE
Green tea Camellia sinensis (L.) Kuntze THEACEAE
Buplueurum Bupleurum chinense DC. APIACEAE
Atractylodes Atractylodes macrocephala Koidz. ASTERACEAE
Ephedra, Ma Huang Ephedra spp EPHEDRACEAE
Aristolochia Aristolochia spp. ARISTOLOCHIACEAE

* scientific names and and associated authority referenced from the Missouri Botanical Garden's VAST (VAScular Tropicos) nomenclatural database.

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